Each prayer is given a certain prescribed time during which it must be performed. ][clarification needed] This prayer needs to be given in the middle of the work-day, and people normally make their prayers during their lunch break. To overcome this problem, several solutions have been proposed, three of which are described below. cos T [4] According to Justin Paul Heinz, the five fixed prayer times in Islamic prayer were likely influenced by the canonical hours of Oriental Orthodox Christians (who were regarded as Monophysites) in the 4th century who prayed seven times a day, given the extensive contact that Muhammad and his companions had with Syrian Christian monks. − Time for dhuhr and asr prayers overlap, but the zuhr prayer must be offered before asr, except the time about 10 minutes before sunset, which is delegated exclusively to asr. There are two astronomical measures that are essential for computing prayer times. D This is a consequence of the Earth's tilt, i.e. Actual sunrise and sunset can be computed using the following formulas: Sunrise = Dhuhr - T(0.833), The formulas described above are implemented completely and can be obtained in various programming languages from this page. The following table shows several conventions currently in use in various countries (more information is available at this page). Thus, a minimum of 2.5 minutes must be considered as the minimum limit past Noon time for the beginning of Zuhr. They are for the heart like water for a tree, given to it time after time, not all in one go and then it stops. the time equation value. There are varying opinions regarding the exact salat times, the schools of Islamic thought differing in minor details. [4] In a mosque, the muezzin broadcasts the call to prayer at the beginning of each interval. T , as follow: In case Maghrib is not equal to Sunset, we can apply the above rules to Maghrib as well to make sure that Maghrib always falls between Sunset and Isha during the abnormal periods. the time of the Maghrib prayer is as long as the Shafaq has not disappeared. Prayer times are standard for Muslims in the world, especially the fard prayer times. When the sun rises in the east, the shadow of this stick will fall towards the west. Prayer Times Dubai i.e., the time for Maghrib starts immediately after the time for ‘Asr ends, which is when the sun sets, until the twilight or red afterglow has faded. The precise time for this congregational prayer varies with the mosque, but in all cases it must be performed after dhuhr and before asr times. These two measures are the equation of time and the declination of the Sun. A slight margin is usually considered for Dhuhr as explained in this note. Shia (Jafari madhab) differs regarding start of asr time. When the sun starts to rise then stop praying, for it rises between the two horns of the Shaytaan.” (Narrated by Muslim, 612). The time for Subh (Fajr) prayer lasts from the beginning of the pre-dawn so long as the sun has not yet started to rise. When the Sun begins to decline after reaching its highest point in the sky. There is thus a long period of time within which this prayer can be offered, but people usually make their prayer within two hours after the Azan has been announced from Mosque. Praise be to Allaah. The end of the time for Zuhr is when the shadow of everything is equal in length to the object itself, plus the length of the shadow of the object at the time of the zenith. The “second dawn” is the brightness that appears along the horizon in the east and extends north to south. * Isha angle is not explicitly defined in Tehran method. L The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The time for Maghrib lasts until the twilight has faded.”. The term is primarily used for the five daily prayers including the Friday prayer, which is normally Dhuhr prayer but on Fridays it is obligated to be prayed in a group. denotes the Declination of the Sun for a given date. ( We will notice that before the sun reached its zenith, the shadow decreased gradually until it reached a certain point (make a mark at this point), then it started to increase, at which point the time for Zuhr began. So long as it keeps growing shorter, the sun has not yet reached its zenith. α